AskDefine | Define choke

Dictionary Definition

choke

Noun

1 a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating current [syn: choke coil, choking coil]
2 a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of a gasoline engine

Verb

1 breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; "She choked with emotion when she spoke about her deceased husband"
2 be too tight; rub or press; "This neckband is choking the cat" [syn: gag, fret]
3 wring the neck of; "The man choked his opponent" [syn: scrag]
4 constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing [syn: strangle]
5 struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake; "he swallowed a fishbone and gagged" [syn: gag, strangle, suffocate]
6 fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation; "The team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing the coach and the audience"
7 check or slow down the action or effect of; "She choked her anger"
8 become or cause to become obstructed; "The leaves clog our drains in the Fall"; "The water pipe is backed up" [syn: clog, choke off, clog up, back up, congest, foul] [ant: unclog]
9 impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of; "The foul air was slowly suffocating the children" [syn: suffocate, stifle, asphyxiate]
10 become stultified, suppressed, or stifled; "He is suffocating--living at home with his aged parents in the small village" [syn: suffocate]
11 suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of; "His job suffocated him" [syn: suffocate]
12 die; "The old man finally kicked the bucket" [syn: kick the bucket, cash in one's chips, buy the farm, conk, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, croak, snuff it]
13 reduce the air supply; "choke a carburetor" [syn: throttle]
14 cause to retch or choke [syn: gag]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • , /tʃəʊk/, /tS@Uk/

Verb

  1. : To be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe.
  2. : To prevent someone from breathing by strangling them.
  3. : To perform badly at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.

Translations

be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe
  • Czech: dusit se
  • Finnish: kuristua, tukehtua
  • French: suffoquer
  • Hebrew: נחנק
  • Italian: soffocare
  • Kurdish: fetisîn
    Sorani: خنکان
  • Polish: dławić się
  • Spanish: sofocar
prevent someone from breathing by strangling them
  • Finnish: kuristaa
  • French: étouffer
  • Hebrew: חנק
  • Italian: strozzare
  • Kurdish: fetisandin
    Sorani: خنکاندن
  • Polish: dusić
  • Spanish: estrangular

Noun

  1. A control on a carburetor to adjust the air/fuel mixture when the engine is cold.
  2. : In wrestling, karate (etc.), a type of hold that can result in strangulation.
  3. A constriction at the muzzle end of a shotgun barrel which effects the spread of the shot.

Translations

control on a carburetor
  • Finnish: rikastin, ryyppy
type of hold in wrestling etc.
constriction at a shotgun barrel

Derived terms

See also

Extensive Definition

"Choke" may be used in the following ways:
  • Choking, obstruction of airflow into an organism's lungs
  • Choke (horse), a condition in horses in which the esophagus is blocked
  • Choke (sports), a failure to win a competition after being expected to do so
  • Chokehold, a grappling hold performed on the neck that aims to render the opponent unconscious
  • Choking game, a schoolyard game of unconsciousness or near unconsciousness that is potentially lethal
  • A choke in a shotgun is a restriction or narrowing of the barrel, intended to tighten the shot pattern
  • Spreading and choking, a technique in printing for adjusting colors in the production of color separations
  • Dampening musical technique
  • Short form of choke valve, as used in automotive engines
Engineering and Informatics:
  • Choked flow, a restriction of a gas or fluid flow under pressure where the gas speed reaches sonic flow at the narrowest part
    • Choke valve, a valve used in the carburetor of internal combustion engines to enrich the fuel-air mixture during startup
  • Choke point, a constriction in a conduit or transport system, e.g. a narrowing of a road
  • Choke (electronics), an inductor used to block signals of particular frequencies
  • Choking a user who is not contributing on a peer-to-peer network like BitTorrent
Plants:
  • Choke pear, a variety of pear and a variety of gag
  • Chokecherry, a suckering shrub or small tree, a species of bird cherry
  • In informal speech, choke can mean artichoke. More specifically, choke may be a "cute" name for the fuzzy/spiky stuff just above the artichoke heart.
In artistic works and groups:
  • Choke (film), an upcoming film based on the novel by Palahniuk
Choke is also a proper name of:
choke in German: Starterklappe
choke in Dutch: choke
choke in Swedish: Drossel

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

OD, asphyxia, asphyxiate, asphyxiation, bake, bang, bar, barricade, batten, batten down, be in heat, be killed, bind, blaze, block, block up, blockade, bloom, blow out, boil, bolt, broil, bung, burke, burking, burn, button, button up, caulk, charge, chink, chock, choke off, choke up, choking, clap, clog, clog up, close, close off, close tight, close up, combust, congest, constipate, constrict, contain, contract, cook, cork, cover, cram, crowd, cut off, dam, dam up, damp, debar, deny, discourage, dissuade, dog, douse, drench, drown, drowning, dumbfound, extinguish, famish, fasten, fill, fill up, flame, flame up, flare, flare up, flicker, flush, fold, fold up, foul, frustrate, fry, gag, garotte, garrote, garrotte, gasp, glow, glut, gluttonize, gorge, heap, hush, hush-hush, incandesce, jam, jam-pack, key, killing, latch, liver death, load, lock, lock out, lock up, megadeath, muffle, muzzle, obstipate, obstruct, obviate, occlude, out, overburden, overcharge, overfeed, overfill, overlade, overload, overstuff, overweight, pack, padlock, pant, parch, pile, plug, plug up, plumb, prohibit, put down, put out, put to silence, quash, quell, quench, quiet, quieten, radiate heat, repress, restrain, roast, satiate, saturate, scald, scorch, seal, seal off, seal up, secure, seethe, serum death, shimmer with heat, shush, shut, shut down on, shut off, shut out, shut the door, shut tight, shut up, silence, simmer, slack, slam, smolder, smother, smotheration, smothering, snap, snuff, snuff out, soak, soft-pedal, spark, spile, squash, squeeze, squeeze shut, squelch, stamp out, stanch, starvation, starve, stay, steam, stench, stew, stifle, stifling, still, stop, stop the breath, stop up, stopper, stopple, strangle, strangling, strangulate, strangulation, strike dumb, stuff, stuff up, suffocate, suffocation, supercharge, supersaturate, suppress, surcharge, surfeit, sweat, swelter, throttle, throttling, toast, trample out, trample underfoot, violent death, watery grave, zip up, zipper
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